Ginučiai watermill / Palūšė / The Lithuanian Museum of Ethnocosmology – Highlights
Ginučiai watermill is a cultural monument that has a dam with a bridge. The ancient equipment like the water wheel, bag-lifting mechanism, millstones and device for finely grinding remained from the 19th century. Ginučiai watermill is one of the six watermills of the Aukštaitija National Park that has the authentic equipment even these days. Now mill is protected by states as the 19th-century technical monument. There is a museum where you can get to know about the production of bread or to see ancient tools and the owner apartments.
Palūšė – the capital of Aukštaitija national park, a resort. In the historical sources, Palūšė has been mentioned since 1651. Here the most significant events of the Aukštaitija national park take place. The pride of Lithuania – a marvellous piece of nature with one of the oldest wooden sanctuaries – the church of Palūšė(having been constructed in 1750, it is an oldest church in Lithuania. It is said that the only tools used for construction were an ax and a saw), a reconstructed boat house, the Ladakalnis hill, now better suited to tourists, the mill of Ginučiai, the Stripeikiai beekeeping museum, a viewing area on the telecommunications tower.
The Lithuanian Museum of Ethnocosmology is a unique architectural structure located in Lithuania‘s largest regional park, Labanoras. The museum‘s observation tower gives you a panoramic view of the forests and lakes of Aukštaitija region. During the tour, you will be accompanied by a guide who will tell you about the area and its main visible objects. Visitors are first welcome to see gallery exposition installed at the slope of a hill. At the museum one can touch a meteorite, rise 30 meters off the ground into observation deck and take in the view of the Highlands around. Even at daylight one can look thru special telescope into the sun and see volcanoes – protuberances. Museum of Ethnocosmology is the first museum in Lithuania which works twenty-four hours.
On the bank of Lake Asveja, which is the longest and one of the most beautiful lakes in Lithuania, there is the town of Dubingiai, where one of the palaces of the noble Radvila family, as well as an evangelical reformed church, stood on a large hill in the 16th-17th century. The ruins which remain are impressive, and tell a story of their own. The excavation site is set up to accommodate visitors – entire layers of history are opened up for them to see.
Archaeologists claim that from an archaeological point of view, this is one of the most interesting places in Lithuania. Several hundred valuable objects have been discovered here. The oldest is a coin dating back to the time of Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas (beginning of the 15th century), and the latest are fragments of the Radvila family‘s marble tombstones (around 1630). Quite a few remains have been found in the churchyard and basement of the church; they are considered to be of the Radvilas – one of the most powerful noble families in Lithuania.
The castle hill itself is beautiful and well-maintained. From the top there is a wonderful view of Lake Asveja and its picturesque surroundings.